The Ancestor of Yunnan Camellia - Red-Flower Camellia Oleifera
The camellia is one of the ten most famous flowers in China, and ranks first among the eight most famous flowers in Yunnan. Therefore, it is honored as the City Flower of Kunming. The original species of the camellia is the red-flower camellia oleifera in Tengchong. It is a wild plant with thick and strong trunk and branches. The tree is tall and beautiful; when it is in full bloom, its flowers look delicate and charming. The red-flower camellia oleifera are found mainly in the mountain areas in Yunhua, Qushi and Jietou of Tengchong. Only in Yunhua there is over 7,000 mu of such camellias.
Late in winter and early in spring during the flowering season, the trees are attractively in full bloom, making the whole area a flaming flower sea. That is one of the major scenic spots in Tengchong. The red-flower camellia oleifera is well-known not only for its beautiful flowers but also for its fruit, from which oil can be extracted. It is of high economic value and called "Green Oil Reservoir". The state has decided to build Tengchong into a base of the red-flower camellia oleifera.