25 Minorities in Yunnan

Yunnan is a microcosm of China in the areas of minority affairs and nationality relations. The province has 25 minority groups, nearly half of the country's total (56 ethnic groups) . With such ethnic diversity it is important to ask the question: what criteria are used to determine minority status and classification? Basically, there are five ways: Race , Language, Culture, Religion, History.

In Yunnan race is not a major consideration, as it is in northwest China where Caucasian exist, Language and culture, however, are of primary interest because they are the basis for classifying most minority nationalities. Religion plays a role in groups such as the Hui ( Muslims ) who, to all intents and purposes, are Chinese except for their faith. Historical background can sometimes tip the balance in determining the status of a people. The Bai , who have a high cultural level and speak a language closely related to Mandarin, are clearly not Chinese on the basis of their long, well-recorded and independent history.

Achang Ethnic Group Bai Ethnic Group Bouyei Ethnic Group
Bulang Ethnic Group Dai Ethnic Group Deang Ethnic Group
Dulong Ethnic Group Hani Ethnic Group Hui Ethnic Group
Jingpo Ethnic Group Jinuo Ethnic Group Lahu Ethnic Group
Lisu Ethnic Group Man Ethnic Group Miao Ethnic Group
Mongol Ethnic Group Naxi Ethnic Group Nu Ethnic Group
Pumi Ethnic Group Shui Ethnic Group Tibetan Ethnic Group
Wa Ethnic Group Yao Ethnic Group Yi Ethnic Group
Zhuang Ethnic Group    

The peoples

Except 25 minorities mentioned in Yunnan, there are three kinds of the Peoples, for the reason of they are not the really a kind of minority in China . but they are the certain branches of the minorities. The three Peoples have the special customs which are quite different with their original nations and very interesting in the recent days for their names in tourism of Yunnan.

Aini Ethnic People Mosuo Ethnic People Shani Ethnic People
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